Term honey bee stock is define as loose permutation of trails that characterized a particular group of bees. Such group can be alienate by race, religion, population, species or bleeding line in a commercial operation. Many of currants Stock in the United States can be group one or many levels. This term will be use interchangeably, contingent on the particular strain of bees in question.
There is a variation exists in stocks as among them. Particular stock should be treat with caution, since there are exceptions to the rule. Long and vast experience of the beekeeper allows some simplification to make in order to better understand the different types of bees available.
Italian honey bees were bought to U.S in 1859. These bees rapidly become favor bee stock in this country and persist to do this. This type of bee can built colony in spring season and maintains them to the entire summer. Italian bees are less prone and defensive to infection than the German country parts. These types of bees are very light color, almost lemon yellow. A characteristic that is covet by many beekeepers for its aesthetic appeal. In spite of their popularity, Italian bees have many drawbacks.
Bees are not the native to the new world, while North America has approx. 4000 native species of honey bees. Honey bees were bought to America in the 17th century by early European settlers. These types of bees were most likely bees of the subspecies. This stock is has very dark color and tends to be so defensive, and making bee management more difficult. Feral bee population in the U.S was once dominated by is draining, newly introduced disease have nearly wiped out most wild bee colony, making the German bee a infrequent stock at the time. Color of German bees is usually dark.
The color of Russian bees is Grey. One of the newfangled bee stocks in U.S was import from eastern Russian by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Honey Bee refinement, Genetics and Physiology laboratory in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Russian Bees tend to final brood only during time of nectar and pollen flows, brood nurturing and colony population tend to fluctuate with the environment. These types of bees have some infrequent habits like they tend to have queen cells present in their colony.
In 1920, Honey bee colonies in the British were distress by acarine disease, Which was suspected to have been the endoparasitic tracheal mite. Bees of this stock are moderately defensive. Though if left unmanaged for one or two generations. They also are modest in spring population’s buildup, stopping them taking full advantage of early nectar flows.
This race of bees native to the foothills of the Ural Mountains near the Caspian sea in Europe. This stock was population U.S, but it has deteriorated in the regard over the last few decades. These are moderately color bee and like the carnelians, are awfully decline. Conversely their slow spring buildup keeps them from generating large honey crops.
This type of bee was favored bee stock in the U.S for several reasons. They tremendously worked with little smoke and protective clothing. They are much less disposed to to robbing other colonies of honey. They have lowering disease transfer among all colonies. These types of bees have dark color like black. The most important thing about this type of bees is that they are very good builders of wax combs. Which can be use for products ranging from candles, soap and cosmetics.